Traditional cultural landscapes and rural biotopes

Traditional cultural landscapes were formed through traditional agricultural practices and consist of buildings, traditional fences and stone walls, and other elements resulting from traditional use. The large arable fields and industrial type of production of modern agri-business is not representative of traditional landscapes. Traditional cultural landscapes sometimes contain cultural artifacts. More information about management of archeological sites and artifacts in the cultural landscape is available (in Finnish) on our website.

The term “traditional cultural landscape” (or “cultural”, “traditional” or heritage” landscape) may also refer to traditional rural biotopes. Examples of traditional rural biotopes are heaths, semi-natural and natural meadows, grazed woodlands and forests and other types of untilled permanent pastureland. Traditional cultural landscapes and traditional rural biotopes are high nature value farmlands and highly important for maintaining biological diversity. Their rich flora diversity creates conditions for many other species, for example fungi, butterflies and beetles that are dependent upon traditional rural biotopes. Our web pages have more information (in Finnish) on traditional rural biotope types and their status.